Actions

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Action 1: Project management and monitoring
In order to fulfill the objectives of the project the coordinating beneficiary, ANATOLIKI S.A., is responsible to coordinate the project’s partner scheme and to cooperate with European Commission and project’s external monitoring team during the project’s implementation period. The main distinct activities of this action are:
  • the organization of beneficiaries scheme’s workshops
  • the signing of contracts with co-beneficiaries and co-financiers of the project
  • the formation and function of two committees (techno-organizing and publication)
  • the determination and application of monitoring methodology of the project
  • the elaboration and delegation of project’s activity reports
Action 2: Soil management unit
The unit functions in the department of environment of ANATOLIKI S.A. and is responsible for the selection of necessary parameters for the creation and technical support of a database for the basin. The data collected are used for the assessment of the Anthemountas basin status and the related information are depicted on digital thematic maps. To be more specific, this action consists in the use of a Geographic Information System as a tool for:
  1. Saving and editing data.
  2. Support, monitoring and assessment of soil risk validation and confrontation models, calculation and processing of their parameters.
  3. Support for decision making about the measures, the "good practices" and suggested policies and support for creation of an action plan soil
  4. Confrontation measures for soil degradation parameters design.
The UNIT operates by providing and receiving data, indicators, parameters and models produced during the project, in order to enrich the soil "knowledge base" constantly.
Deliverables
Action 3: Soil erosion risk assessment at the mountainous parts of the Anthemountas river basin
The action is developed in the mountainous-semimountainous areas of Anthemountas basin and it consists of:
  1. The input in the GIS database of all the necessary parameters, used in the various runoff erosion estimation models.
  2. The selection of the most suitable model for the research area.
  3. The elaboration of the Report and the production of digital thematic mapsdepicting erosion risk assessment in the area.
    Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of actions 3, 4 and 5 is ANATOLIKI S.A.
Action 4: Decision support tool development to designate priority action zones and to propose measures against land degradation
This action is developed in the same area and consists of:
  1. determination of Priority action zones for erosion confrontation (result of action 3).
  2. Current soil status assessment in them.
  3. Social and environmental local factors aggregation.
  4. GIS information input in a proper way.
  5. Decision making support tool development for water erosion diminution.
  6. Water erosion confrontation guide creation.
Action 5: Designing the proposed measures against soil erosion for a high priority zone (case study)
Selection of a targeted priority action zone (pilot area), among them determined from the previous action, in order to study the erosion phenomenon (case study) and design of specific measures and "good practices" for erosion confrontation.
Deliverables
Action 6: Assess land degradation caused by erosion in a pilot agricultural area
The action’s target is the evaluation of soil erosion risk in 5.500ha of the agricultural area of Municipality of Basilika in Anthemountas basin.
The implementation of the action consists in:
  1. Field works and laboratory analysis for soil typological unit digital mapproduction.
  2. Knowledge database enhancement with data from field works and other resources.
  3. Data combination and analysis.
  4. Model investigation, functionality, application in our case and evaluation.
  5. Factor calculation that feed the GIS models and
  6. Model feeding and soil erosion risk evaluation.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of actions 6 and 7 is LRI-NAGREF.Action 7: Soil organic matter survey in a pilot agricultural area
Soil organic matter consists of a diversity of components in varying proportions and many intermediate stages, such as:
  1. raw plant residues and microorganisms,
  2. active organic fraction and
  3. resistant or stable organic matter also referred to as humus.
Removal or burning of residues predisposes the soil to serious degradationand erosion risk. Organic matter in soil serves as a nutrient backup, as a moistureretaining substance and as an agent that improves soil structure, maintain tilth, and minimize erosion. The decline in organic matter is about to be examinedin a 5,500ha agricultural area of Anthemountas basin at the northern part of Greece. The knowledge base and actual GIS data from the current action, contributeto the agricultural practices and policies.Action 8: Information and involvement of local actors in the identification of soil’s characteristics, functions and threats
The results of actions 3 to 9 cannot have broad local acceptance without the constant briefing and participation of local producers (farmers, stockbreeders)and of the scientific staff involved in their activities (agriculturalists,agronomists etc.). The current action is targeted precisely in their collaborationfrom the first stages (soil sampling, socio-economic data collection) and theirin-depth continuous education regarding the proposed measures and the "goodpractices".
It is also targeted the development of an "environmental education" programoriented to the these issues, for the preliminary and secondary students ofthe area.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the action is ANATOLIKI S.A. and LRI-NAGREF participates.
Deliverables
Action 9: Soil salinization risk assessment in a pilot agricultural area
The general effect of soil salinity on plants is growth reduction due to both increased energy needed to uptake water and to element toxicities or nutritional imbalances. The EU thematic strategy for soil protection gives high priority of meeting soil salinity problems. In the framework of this project, the level of soil salinity in 5,500ha cultivated area of Anthemountas basin are expected to be studied. Salinity is about to be estimated in the soil-testing laboratory by extracting the solution from a saturated soil sample and measuring the electrical conductivity of the saturation extract (ECe). The knowledge base and actual GIS data from the current action, contribute to the improvement of agricultural practices and policies in the same way as Actions 6 and 7. The Water Directorate of Region of Central Macedonia (RCM), the responsible beneficiary, is the local water competent authority and has great experience on water management issuesin irrigated areas, where secondary soil salinity problems arise. The RCM’s database on irrigation water quality in combination with the knowledge of the water and land uses at the region enables RCM to undertake the action of soil salinization assessment at the area. Moreover, RCM is going to explore the results of the action in order to implement the necessary adjustements in the licensing of the irrigation water wells, considering both the water and soil salinity characteristics in order to minimize the impacts of saline waters on soils.
Deliverables
Action 10: Decision Management Tool Development on Soil Contamination (DMT-SC)
The action involves the design of a generic step-by-step management tool for systematic approach of potentially contaminated sites, according the principles addressed by the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection. The Developed Management Tool is based on generic principles concerning soil contamination management and internationally used specifications and practices, combined with the principles addressed by the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection. Current legislative soil protection framework is going to be extensively examined, since this is about to be a basis of developing the Generic Environmental Risk Assessment Model. Part of the developed model also addresses an Overall Planning Strategy of Phase I and Phase II Environmental Site Assessments in potential contaminated areas.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the actions 10, 11 and 12 is INTERGEO LTD.Action 11: Remediation and monitoring action plan for the soil contaminated sites in a pilot area through the application of Decision
This action is deployed in the area of Municipality of Thermi and seeks to:
  • The categorization of the pilot area depending on the eventual contamination risk in low, medium, high and very high risk range, with human activities and various geomorphologic, hydrologic etc. characteristics as "input data".
  • The selection of four contaminated sites as "pattern", one of each risk range (low, medium, high and very high).
  • The implementation of a monitoring/decontamination-remediation plan on these sites.
  • The creation of a sustainable monitoring tool of the contamination indicators, starting from these sites.
  • The output of conclusions of "environmental risk" as both documents and Thematic Maps.
It also includes:
  • Evaluation of the result of monitoring actions on the selected sites and remediation measures design for all the target area.
  • Establishment of Decontamination equipment and infrastructure in the area.
  • Performance evaluation
Methods improvement, periodical sampling and concentrations of contaminants monitoring.Action 12: Verification, Correction and Finalization of the DMT-SC
This action involves the conclusion of the tool. It also optimises and integrates the model interface that is about to be designed on a user-friendly basis. It is foreseen the comparison of measured on the field and predicted contamination factors. Based on the previous comparison and the in-depth investigation results a number of model’s parameters are corrected, if necessary, and the finalization of its interface.
The action also includes the implementation of Decision Management Tool on Soil Contamination, based on the data collected in Action 11 for a broader area of Municipality of Thermi, and the development of a Remediation and Monitoring Action Plan for the whole area.Action 13: Soil sealing threat monitoring and assessment in a pilot area
The examined area of the current action is located at the Thermi Municipality (pilot area). The recent years, Thermi’s Municipality attracts many people dueto its vicinity with Thessaloniki city. The statistical analysis of the population and spatial-urban data suggests the huge development during next years. Thus,it is important, for the urban and spatial planning as well as for the sustainable development of the areas foreseen to be urbanized, to select the optimal design criteria in order to avoid the soil sealing, caused by the urbanization process.
In the present action, an effort is made to develop a model which is suitableto the particular characteristics of the pilot area and it could assess the soil sealing through the estimation of controlling factors in rural and urban environment. I.e. the surface runoff and infiltration coefficient, the green areas and spatial distribution of buildings, the area covered by plants and their type, in combination with the meteorological and geomorphological data.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the actions 13, 14 and 15 is HYETOS G.P.Action 14: Development and evaluation of best practices for soil sealing prevention
In the current action, a sensitivity analysis of the proposed in Action 13 methodology is presented. Considering that different type of urbanization results in different values of the run off coefficient, the soil sealing phenomenon is tested for different scenarios (case studies). A range of input values is applied to themodel that describes the soil-water system in various urbanization scenarios. Moreover, it is proposed that the model should take into account parameters that are defined by the legislation (e.g. minimum grass area in urban centres)or by economical criteria (e.g. cost of developable land) and contribute to the total urbanization rate. Therefore, with the intention to minimize the soil sealing risk, it is possible to estimate the effect of various urbanization types on the run off coefficient. The results of the case study suggest spatial design parameters and recommend techniques that limit the soil sealing in the pilot area.Action 15: Designing innovative solutions for soil sealing control in a future expanded urban area
In the present action, urban design criteria, spatial and urban plans, which concern on the future expanded land that belongs to the residential area of N. Raidestos in Thermi’s Municipality (pilot area), are proposed. Today, the settlement of N. Raidestos covers an area of 52 ha that it is planning to be extended to 485 ha next years. Next to the estimation of the model results thatis described in Action 14, urban design criteria are suggested. The recommended land-use planning should be directly related to indicators that express thequality of design (assessed on the basis of indicators like accessibility, building density, the level of mixed land use and the urban transport network quality). The suggested urban design aims at the impact diminution from soil sealing andthe implementation of sustainable human settlements development in a future urban area.
The proposed design parameters are selected after the soil sealing threat avoidancecriteria have been taken into account. Parameters like the complex run off coefficient(comprises of the partial run off coefficient (defined in Action 14) sum) areof outmost importance for the total effluent estimation and consequently for the evaluation of the soil sealing threat. The proposed land use and the spatial– urban plan minimizes the water effluent and the soil sealing risk and it offersthe best possible solution for the spatial and urban design of the expanded land. Aiming at the evaluation of the parameters and the method procedure thathave already been selected, a small scale architectural pilot study (comprising of a single urban block and a school) is designed. It is expected that the assessment of the soil sealing avoidance method in a pilot scale provide a dynamic toolthat addresses directly to the general confrontation of soil sealing problem.Action 16: Soil Action Plan for Anthemountas River Basin District
The soil action plan for Anthemountas River Basin District is developed usingthe results of project’s different actions. In the development of this plan the opinions and suggestions of social factors of the area will be includedthrough the implementation of a participation process. The action plan is expectedto include activities of subject with range from soil management, agriculturalcrops, land use design, soil-biodiversity relation, soil contamination and therole of soil in cultural heritage and landscape preservation. All these actionsare going to contribute in soil sustainable use and protection.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of this action is the Regional Development Fund of Central Macedonia.
Deliverables
Action 17: Capacity Building towards sustainable soil management
The action includes the following activities:
  • elaboration and publication of training material,
  • organization of seminars and
  • organization of Lectures.
Two training packages are going to be produced based on the results of previousactions. The material will be distributed during the seminars and lectures.The first is addressed to the farmers and the second to soil managers in general.Moreover, two seminars are intended to be organized aiming at the capacity building for the development and implementation of soil management plans through the dissemination of project’s. The first, entitled "Agriculture and soil conservation", is addressed to the farmers and the members of agricultural cooperatives andthe second, entitled "Actions towards sustainable soil management", is addressedto scientists from public and local administration, institutes and universities,private technical and consultancy companies.
Finally, two lectures are expected to be organized jointly by ANATOLIKI S.A.and the Technical and Geotechnical Chambers of Greece in order to build the capacity of their members (e.g. engineers, geologist, agriculturalist, foresters)in soil management issues. The title of the lectures is: "Soil Framework Directive- Requirements & Application".
Responsible beneficiaries for the implementation of the action are ANATOLIKIS.A. and LRI-NAGREF.
Deliverables
Action 18: Project’s "identity"
The project’s "identity" includes: the logotype (LIFE logotype and the special"sign" of the project), the "slogan-phrase" (that condenses its goals) as wellas identifiable photos. The identity is used on all the papers and dissemination actions.Action 19: Project’s general publicity: Printed material & notice boards
Public information material, project’s summary brochure and poster providing general information about the project’s content are included in the action. Additionally, project’s notice boards are expected to be purchased and displayed. An extensive mailing list is also included, regularly updated, in order to enhance available channels for project’s dissemination. Finally, the project’s Leyman’s report are about to be produced and used as a tool for the after Life Communication Plan. Moreover, before and after the organization of project’s events (seminars, lectures and conference) press releases are included and are going to be sentto the local and national media presenting the proposed project and announcingthe relevant project’s events.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the action is ANATOLIKI S.A.Action 20: Project’s website
The website provides a complete presentation of the project, the progress ofeach action and their outcomes, project’s events, useful links, dynamic mapsetc. Basic website development language is Greek, however, there is a briefedition in English.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the action is ANATOLIKI S.A.Action 21: Participation in conferences and publications
The information sharing, especially between the scientific communities, areabout to be supported through the presentation of the project’s phases and resultsin Greek and European conferences and workshops from the partner scheme of theproject. Moreover, articles are going to be published in the press and in scientific, sectorial and local publications and press releases in the local and national press.
Deliverables
Action 22: Thematic guides for soil protection per soil threat
This action includes the development of four thematic guides, for which itscontent consists of erosion, contamination and sealing recognition and confrontation practices and best practices for soil protection in regions of potential agriculturaluse.
It also foresees their distribution to the participants of project’s publicevents (lectures and conference) as to any who is interested and their availabilityin pdf format from the website.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the action is the Regional Development Fund of Central Macedonia.
Deliverables
Action 23: Project’s Closing Conference
The project’s Closing Conference is about to be organized in Thessaloniki, Greece,at the end of May or the beginning of June 2012, by Regional Development Fundof Central Macedonia, by presenting, in wide audience, each project result andthe Soil Thematic Strategy.Action 24: After-LIFE Communication plan
It foresees the publication and dissemination of project results after the endof it, as it intends to improve the environment status by ensuring their implementation locally, regionally and internationally. The implementation tools of the planare:
  • to maintain the developed, during the project, mechanisms for effectiveand timely communication,
  • to coordinate all levels and types of,
  • to encourage, support and sustain communication relationships with and interaction between stakeholders and
  • the options’ expansion for exploitation of the project results.
Responsible beneficiary for the implementation of the action is ANATOLIKI S.A.